Plaza España is one of Barcelona's most important squares, located in one of Barcelona's most beautiful districts. Its most important features are the large fountain, the Venetian towers and the mall Las Arenas.
It is a big square at the foot of Montjuïc mountain. The place was formerly used for public executions until the gallows where moved to citadel in 1715. The square was built for the the World exhibition in 1929, which was organized at Montjuïc. The design was submitted by architect Josep Amargos, and was only narrowly finished on time for the final exhibition.
The most striking part of Plaça Espanya is the two large Venetian towers. Avenida de la Reina Maria Christina is flanked by the two towers and leads to the Magic Fountains in front of the National Palace in Montjuic. The lane is often used for holding trade fairs.
The 47 meter high towers are modeled on the clock tower of San Marco Basilica in Venice. They were built by Ramon Raventós for the Universal Exhibition in 1929.
The large Fountain
Another architect, called Josep Maria Jujol, designed the large Fountain in the middle of the square. The modernist style of the Fountain is clearly influenced by Gaudí , with whom Jujol worked together several times on projects such as Casa Mila and Parc Güell.
The statues, which decorate the Fountain, were designed by the Spanish sculptor Miguel Blay Fabregas, who was the 3th person involved in the project.
At one of the corners of the square, the mall Las Arenas is located. The arena was built in 1900 to hold bullfights. The building was designed in the Mudejar style, a style that found its origin in the Moors. Bullfighting never really pitched in Catalonia, due to this, in 2011 the arena was transformed into a totally new modernized shopping center. From Las Arenas, you have an amazing view of Montjuïc and the square.
From Plaça Espanya, you can take the bus, metro and train.
The Barcelona metro lines, that pass through this square, are L1, L3, L5 and L8.
Many buses and night buses pass through this square as well as the shuffle bus to Barcelona's airport.